5 essential tips for cycling
What is the normal posture for the little friends who don’t ride very much?
First of all, the first point: the upper body is low, looking down a little, looking down at the road 10 meters ahead, the head is slightly inclined forward; the two hands are naturally bent, not too straight, the two hands are too straight, and the hands will become numb. When you are tired, your hands are bent, so you can easily bend your waist, lower your body’s center of gravity, and prevent the impact force from the bumps of the car from being transmitted to your whole body; hold the handlebars lightly and powerfully with both hands, and sit firmly on the seat with your buttocks.
There are three types of pedaling methods for cycling: toe down, heel down, and toe down:
The characteristic of this kind of pedaling is that the toes are always downward during the whole riding process. This method has a relatively small range of motion of the ankle joint, which is more conducive to increasing the frequency and easy to master, but the leg muscles are always in a tense state, which is not conducive to Naturally pass through relatively small places (recommended to use when accelerating, riding comfort ★★★)
At present, some elite athletes mostly use the freestyle pedaling method. This pedaling method means that the angle of the ankle joint changes according to the different parts of the foot during the rotation of the foot. The free-style pedal conforms to the principle of mechanics. The direction of the force is consistent with the circular tangent formed when the pedal rotates, which reduces the range of motion of the knee joint and thigh, which is beneficial to increase the pedal frequency, naturally pass through the critical area, and reduce the dead point. . The thigh muscles can also be relatively relaxed. But this pedaling method is more difficult to master. (recommended for common use, riding comfort ★★★★)
The heel-down pedaling method is that the toes are slightly upward and the heel is 8~15 degrees downward. This method is rarely used in normal riding, but only a few people use the heel-facing method when they make excessive adjustments during riding. The following pedaling m
It is characterized in that the muscles change the state of exertion in a short time, get a short rest, and achieve the purpose of recovering muscle fatigue. (It is recommended to use less, riding comfort ★★★)
The car body is in one line, leaning into the corner. The center of gravity of the body is based on the car leaning into the corner, and the person and the car maintain the same lean angle. Straighten the outer knee and subconsciously apply more force, as if you were going to depress the pedal (though if you do, be careful not to slip and to avoid falling). Using the inside knee against the beam is a great way to adjust your trajectory and reduce the camber with less stress. The outside hand pulls up the handlebar slightly.
Two good times to use tilt:
Can take advantage of not too sharp turns (less than 45 degrees) to accelerate, can clearly see ahead but unfamiliar bends on wet asphalt roads, two flaws of leaning:
In the rain, although this cornering technique gives you a good amount of traction, the angle and weight distribution and arrangement are not very conducive to slippery surfaces; the leaning technique is not as responsive as the corresponding twist.
The car remains upright, leaning into the corner. Move forward until the nose is in line with the brake lever. Keeping the bike upright, lean into the corner (enough to keep the outside arm straight) and lean the handlebars to the inside of the corner.
Bend the elbow of the inner arm to pull the handlebar back, while the outer arm pushes the handlebar out to turn the handlebar orientation. Keeping both knees buckled in, continue pedaling.
Uphill and downhill riding technology is an important basic technology of bicycle riding.
Downhill riding technique
Riding uphill should maintain normal pedaling action, and do not use sudden force. In general, it is not advisable to use standing riding or pull-up riding methods, otherwise it will consume too much physical strength. When encountering a short-distance slope, you should make full use of the inertial principle of object movement to pedal easily. When approaching the top of the slope, you can use standing riding to increase the speed as much as possible to create favorable conditions for downhill acceleration. When encountering a long uphill, you should adjust the transmission ratio in time according to your physical strength. Don’t wait until you can’t ride and the speed has completely dropped before changing the transmission ratio. Resolutely avoid the phenomenon of restarting. When the slope is long or there are steep slopes, the standing riding method can be used alternately to adjust the forceful parts and let some muscles rest.
Don’t get too close to the car when going uphill. Due to the force of the uphill, the driving often swings left and right, and the following car is too close, and a collision may occur. Furthermore, when going uphill, the speed drops significantly, and following the car will limit your riding methods.
Downhill riding technique
In order to achieve the ideal effect of downhill riding, one must be brave, witty, bold, careful, focused, keep a close eye on the road ahead, and be ready to deal decisively with any situation on the road at any time; Dare to take the initiative to pedal and increase the speed.
When turning, keep the body and the car in line, lean inward, and keep the upper body and the car in a straight line to overcome centrifugal force. The angle of inclination depends on the speed and the size of the curve, but generally should not exceed 28 degrees, otherwise there is a risk of slipping.
Control your speed before turning. Gradually decelerate by the method of tapping the brake. When braking, use the front and rear brakes at the same time as much as possible.
The front brake can be slightly advanced. When using the front brake, the direction of the front wheel is required to be consistent with the direction of the car. The inertia of the car is limited, resulting in a fall.
Release the brakes after entering a corner to avoid unnecessary deceleration. Don’t use the rear brake too hard on corners. Otherwise the car may turn around or slip.
The front brake can give you very good stopping power, but it can also make you a trapeze. Here we show you how to brake. Shift your weight back when using the front brake.
When you use the front brake, your center of gravity will naturally move forward due to inertia, and you must practice consciously moving your center of gravity back when you start to brake (lower your body and move your butt back). The more you move your center of gravity back, the more braking power you can use.
You can practice on sandy or slightly slippery flats, speed up and apply different pressures on your front and rear brakes to learn how to control your brakes. Or ask the expert how he uses the brakes while riding.
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