How long can electric bicycle motors last. 5 basic nursing skills
How long can electric bicycle motors last. 5 basic nursing skills
The growth trend of personal transportation is electric bicycles. They are more versatile than traditional bicycles and are an excellent alternative to driving, especially for short-distance riding.
However, when investing in equipment for commuting or entertainment, you may worry about their useful life. So this brings us to a question, “How long can my electric bike, especially the motor, last?”
The electric bicycle motors of an electric bicycle can usually be used for at least 10,000 miles; if taken care of, this can be even longer. If you ride 10 miles a day, this means that your electric bike motor should last about three years before it needs to be replaced.
So we now know what time frame we are considering and how long the motor will last us, but there are other issues and other important components to consider. These may be replaced earlier than the motor, so we need to consider the overall maintenance and maintenance of the electric bicycle.
How long can electric bicycle motors last?
The motor may be the longest used part on your electric bike, and you can extend its life by ensuring proper maintenance.
This may come as a surprise, but if you consider how electric bicycles actually work, it is not too far-fetched. When you use a bicycle, the motor will probably not run all the time. On the contrary, it only works when you push the bicycle forward on the pedals.
Unfortunately, it will not do all the work for you, but will help you with the work you have already done.
Depending on how much you use, you may find that your motor can last about 10,000 miles or about three to five years.
The key electrical components of electric bicycles
Although if your electric bike does not have a motor, you obviously won’t get any pedal assistance, but there are some other components that make an “electric” bike impossible.
There are many ways to place the motor on an electric bicycle, and any of the three has its reasons and benefits. You can have a bicycle with a front wheel hub, a central drive motor or a rear wheel hub. As mentioned earlier, the main purpose of the motor is to help you when you step on the pedal.
We call this help the “torque” it gives us. Now, the more advanced the motor and the greater the power, the greater the torque it can produce. After that, the more torque you get from the bike, the more power you can use.
Like electric motors, batteries on electric bicycles can be found in different locations, which usually depend on the type and size of the bicycle frame. Now, the brand and type of battery used in your bike will determine two things: how long it can be used before it needs to be recharged and how long it needs to be recharged before it is ready for use again.
However, on average, the charging time you see is between 4 and 6 hours. Charging the battery is very simple, just like charging other devices such as mobile phones, you may only need to connect it to a wall outlet. Please make sure to charge your battery in time for the next ride.
This is another component that will eventually need to be replaced, so you may want to know in what time frame this will happen. The general rule of thumb is that your battery can be charged continuously for about 1,000 times on average, or like a motor, it takes about three to five years.
It can be tricky to gauge when it needs to be replaced, but a good indicator is once it no longer stays charged like it used to. At this point, you can assume that the battery is beginning to wear out.
Electric bike sensor
There are two types of sensors, one is the cadence (speed) sensor and the torque sensor. No matter which model your bicycle has, the sensor is another important part of the electric bicycle and its functions.
The working principle of the cadence sensor is that as soon as you start pedaling the bicycle, it will activate, ensuring that it provides you with the help you need.
The torque sensor is slightly more advanced because it only responds to a small amount of assistance to match your given speed. It responds faster than a speed sensor and can be considered smarter. It will ultimately contribute to your speed output and contribute to the overall handling of the bicycle.
How to make electric bicycle motors last longer
As mentioned earlier, the motor may be the last part of the electric bike you need to replace. However, proper care and maintenance are the key to ensuring it is used for as long as possible.
There are three main types of motors that can be found on electric bicycles. They are direct drive hubs, gear hubs, and mid-drive. Below we will describe the meaning of these terms and how to best take care of them.
5 basic maintenance tips for electric bicycle motors:
Avoid letting your motor get wet
Keep the motor and the rest of the bike clean
Do not expose your electric bicycle to high temperatures (over 100 degrees Fahrenheit) continuously
Regularly oil moving parts such as chains, gears and bearings
Give your electric bike to an expert for regular service and maintenance inspections
Longer service life of direct drive hub motors
The direct drive hub is an electric motor, you will find it installed on the front or rear wheel of a bicycle. It uses magnets on the inner surface of the hub and stator windings fixed on the axle to provide auxiliary forward movement.
The advantage of this type of motor is that it has almost no moving parts, except for bearings, which contributes to its excellent durability and service life.
However, there are two things that affect the overall life of this type of motor: overheating and rust. You may experience overheating because the direct drive hub, motor, and other components are too powerful. In some cases, if the motor and controller calibration is turned off, it may even cause the components to become too hot and melt!
The main thing here is to make sure that the calibration is correct, and then you should not have a problem. If you are not sure how to do it yourself, you can always take it to an electric bike dealer or bicycle repair shop, and they should be able to help you.
The other problem I mentioned is rust, which may be due to water. Usually, this only causes concern if you live in a humid climate or happen to be riding in the rain. The main component to worry about here is the bearing in the motor.
So keeping the motor dry is a good idea. But if this is not possible, you should wipe it dry immediately after riding the electric bike.
Since the service life of direct drive motors tends to be longer than other types of motors, it is very popular on commuting or city bicycles, such as:
A geared hub motor is completely different because it actually has a motor that spins faster than a direct drive motor. It uses gears to transmit torque to the wheels and helps reduce the higher speed of the motor to torque when it needs to climb or tilt.
When it comes to gears, friction occurs, which causes them to wear. This means that the service life of gear wheels is likely to be shorter than that of direct drive wheels.
Unfortunately, this kind of general wear and tear is not something you can do, and you must address the fact that you need to replace the motor anywhere between 3,000 and 10,000 miles. However, it depends on the brand, model and overall quality of the motor.
If you use your bicycle frequently and drive several miles on the odometer, you may end up replacing the motor 2 to 3 times during the life of the bicycle.
The replacement cost of a geared hub motor is a bit more expensive than a direct drive hub, but fortunately it is cheaper than a medium drive motor. They are also easier to replace, so you can even replace them yourself.
Mid-mounted motor failure
The Mid-Drive motor is directly connected to the crank, thus transmitting power directly to the chain. This type of motor causes the greatest stress on other parts of the bicycle; therefore, components such as the transmission chain, derailleur system, and sprocket will be subjected to greater stress.
This is because both the motor and the rider exert force on the same system. The motor also has a larger output than the average rider; the rider is most likely to maintain an output of 100W, while the motor can provide 250W+. All this extra pressure on bicycle parts causes them to wear faster.
Due to these high demands on other components, many electric bicycles are equipped with upgraded chains to help reduce the possibility of excessive wear and tear. Again, here we can see that to prevent the overall wear and tear of certain areas of electric bicycles, people actually do not do much.
Like Direct Drive, the Mid-Drive motor is also susceptible to moisture, and keeping it dry is a key part of maintaining it. In addition, if you receive a warning from the controller, it is best to check for any problems to ensure that the device will operate during its entire lifespan.
A real disadvantage of owning electric bicycles with this kind of motor is that once they die on you, they are difficult to replace. Doing so may damage other parts of the bicycle. Therefore, it is best for professionals to replace the mid-drive motor or buy a new electric bicycle altogether.
Electric bicycle motor repair
You can control the general life of the motor. The following suggestions will help you keep it at its original level for as long as possible:
Keep your electric bike clean, including removing any dirt or debris that may have accumulated in the drivetrain.
Oiling moving parts such as chains…This is a very important job, and you can do it easily.
Regularly maintain your electric bicycle and ensure that you keep abreast of its overall maintenance status.
The battery and its charging method are also a key aspect of maintaining the overall electric bicycle. How and when you should charge should be in the instruction manual. But if not, there may be an electric bicycle repair technician in your city. If not, you can contact the manufacturer and ask them for other suggestions on how to best maintain your bicycle.
How to extend the service life of electric bicycle batteries
For the battery, there are usually three options available, and your electric bike may be pre-installed with these options. It is a good idea to find out the battery type of your e-bike, because it will indicate how long the battery will last. These are the types you might find, although lithium-ion batteries are the most common:
Lithium-ion battery, can be charged continuously for about 1000 times
Nickel batteries can provide you with approximately 500 recharges
Finally, lead batteries provide you with the lowest possible charge, which is 300.
How hot is the electric bicycle battery?
There are several factors that affect the performance and service life of electric bicycle batteries. The culprit is temperature. Extreme heat or cold can affect battery life, charging, and even voltage control.
Therefore, do not expose your bicycle battery to high temperatures for a long time, especially the battery above 100 degrees Fahrenheit. For example, don’t leave electric bicycles parked in the sun, or parked in closed sheds when the weather is super hot. And do not put the battery on the window sill in direct sunlight.
Or, it is a bad idea to put the battery below freezing point.
If you want the battery to last as long as possible, it’s best to store it at a temperature between 60 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit.
How to store your e-bike battery
Another culprit that can reduce battery life is how you store it. Do not leave it fully charged for storage, as this will have a negative impact on the recoverable capacity. On the contrary, when you do not use the battery for a long time, try to keep the battery between 40% and 80% of its full charge.
A practical way to ensure it is within this range is to charge it, take it for a drive, and then store it. In addition, if your battery has a low battery storage function, you can switch it to this setting for storage before charging.
Although the general wear and tear of electric bicycles is unavoidable, you can take some simple and practical measures to ensure that the overall service life of your motor and electric bicycle is longer.
One of the main things to avoid is water, so for example, do not use pressure hoses when cleaning the bicycle regularly. In addition, avoid riding through large puddles. If you do ride in the rain, make sure to dry the motor and other parts properly after use.
After all, your motor may be more durable than all other components of a bicycle (such as tires, brakes, chains, batteries, etc.). So be sure to keep it clean, oil the parts that need to be oiled, and try not to overheat your electric bike. If you keep all these in mind, you should be able to enjoy electric bikes for many years.
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