What are the advantages and disadvantages of lithium batteries
Advantages: high energy density (same battery weight, can release more battery capacity); environmental protection (non-polluting materials); longer cycle life (one charge and discharge for one cycle); lower self-discharge rate; no memory; higher operating voltage.
Advantages and disadvantages of lithium batteries
Disadvantages: high price.
“Lithium batteries”, a class of batteries made of lithium metal or lithium alloy as the anode material, using a non-aqueous electrolyte solution. lithium metal batteries were first proposed and studied by Gilbert N. Lewis in 1912. in the 1970s, M. S. Whittingham proposed and began to study Lithium-ion batteries. Due to the chemical properties of lithium metal is very active, making the processing, preservation and use of lithium metal, the environmental requirements are very high. With the development of science and technology, lithium batteries have now become the mainstream.
Lithium batteries can be broadly divided into two categories: lithium metal batteries and lithium ion batteries. Lithium-ion batteries do not contain lithium in a metallic state and are rechargeable. The fifth generation of rechargeable batteries lithium metal batteries were born in 1996, and their safety, specific capacity, self-discharge rate and performance-to-price ratio are better than lithium-ion batteries. Due to its own high technical requirements restrictions, only a few companies in a few countries are now producing such lithium metal batteries.